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[00:00:02]

YEAH,

[Independent Citizen’s Redistricting Commission]

6:01 PM.

WE HAVE NINE OUT OF 14 COMMISSIONERS PRESENT.

SO WE HAVE A QUORUM AND WE CAN GET STARTED.

I'D LIKE TO CALL THE INDEPENDENT CITIZENS REDISTRICTING COMMISSION MEETING TO ORDER THIS WEDNESDAY, JULY 7TH IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBERS OF AUSTIN CITY HALL.

WELCOME EVERYONE.

MATT, CAN YOU PLEASE DO ROLL CALL? OKAY.

COMMISSIONERS, UH, CANON.

THAT'S IT.

YEAH.

RAISE YOUR HAND AND SAY HERE.

OH, AND REAL QUICK.

SO THERE'S, UH, A MICROPHONE ON BUTTON ON THE DISPLAY AND THEN A MICROPHONE OFF BUTTON ON THAT, THAT DISPLAY.

UM, SO IT WOULD BE GOOD PRACTICE OR WE CAN CHECK TO SEE IF THERE ARE MICROPHONES.

HI, UH, MORRIS RIGHT HERE.

HARDEN HERE.

SCHNEIDER'S NOT HERE.

DEMPSEY'S NOT HERE, HERE.

LANDS HERE.

LI I, I GO KAMBO AND CALLED THEIR OWN.

YEAH, YEAH, YEAH.

HERE, QUANTOS HERE.

BLANK HERE AND ON HERE.

PRETTY GOOD.

OKAY.

GREAT.

MATT, CAN YOU PLEASE TAKE US THROUGH TODAY'S AGENDA? YEAH.

THANK YOU.

YEAH.

OKAY.

OKAY.

SO THE MEETING GOALS FOR TODAY ARE TO CONFIRM STEPS TO ONBOARD HIRED STAFF, CONFIRMED DATES FOR PUBLIC HEARINGS, ESTABLISHED COMMISSION VALUES AND NORMS, UH, CITIZEN COMMUNICATION.

WE HAVE ONE PERSON SIGNED UP FOR THAT ON THE PHONE.

FIRST ITEM APPROVAL OF MINUTES FROM OUR JUNE 30TH MEETING ITEM TWO, UPDATE FROM THE HIRING WORKING GROUP.

UM, ITEM THREE NEW BUSINESS, A PRESENTATION FROM THE NAACP.

UH, THE, THIS PRESENTATION FROM DR.

HENRY FLORES IS GOING TO BE RESCHEDULED.

UH, SEE, AS AN ICEBREAKER, WHAT IS THE BEST ASPECT OF RESIDING IN THE CITY DISTRICT YOU REPRESENT? UH, D IS A DISCUSSION AND VOTE ON VALUES AND NORMS. HE IS UPDATE FROM THE PUBLIC HEARING WORKING GROUP, AND THEN, UM, IWAN VOTE ON A PROPOSED PUBLIC HEARING DATES, A THREE F UPDATE FROM COMMUNICATIONS WORKING GROUP, A 3G UPDATE FROM FINANCE SUBCOMMITTEE, ONE DISCUSSION OF POSSIBLE ACTION TO RECLASSIFY THE FINANCE COMMITTEE TO A WORKING GROUP.

UH, THREE H UPDATES FROM THE CITY, UM, EMPLOYEE CONTRACT TEMPLATE, AND, UH, DROPBOX FOR ICRC USE.

AND THEN FUTURE AGENDA ITEMS GOT TO TURN ON MY MIC.

WE WILL BEGIN WITH CITIZEN COMMUNICATION.

UM, HAS ANYONE CALLED IN? OKAY.

AND JUST A REMINDER, EACH SPEAKER HAS THREE MINUTES AND PLEASE MUST CLEARLY STATE YOUR NAME AND IN WHICH DISTRICT YOU RESIDE AND HAVE COMMISSIONERS HAVE QUESTIONS AS ALWAYS JUST HOLD THEM TILL THE END.

THANKS.

THANK YOU.

MADAM CHAIR MEMBERS, I'M SYNOVIA JOSEPH DISTRICT ONE.

MY COMMENTS ARE SPECIFICALLY RELATED TO TRANSIT AND AFFORDABLE HOUSING.

I JUST WANT TO CALL IT TO YOUR ATTENTION.

I DID GO AND LISTEN TO YOUR JUNE 16TH, 2021 ICEBREAKER.

AND I JUST WANT TO SPEAK LARGELY TO COMMISSIONER HARDEN, AS IT RELATES TO NORTHEAST AUSTIN AND EAST AUSTIN, THE BUSES RUN 60 MINUTES FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND THERE WAS AN AUGUST 7TH, 2020 RESOLUTION PASSED BY CAPITOL METRO THAT WILL RETAIN WHAT IS CALLED AN EQUITABLE TRANSIT SYSTEM.

THAT'S 10 TIMES LONGER THAT AFRICAN-AMERICANS HAVE TO WAIT FOR THE BUS UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM, SOUTHWEST AND CENTRAL.

THE BUS RUNS EVERY SIX MINUTES TO 10 MINUTES, SOUTH OF US, 180 3 FROM METRO RAIL CRESTVIEW TO DOVE SPRINGS, HISPANICS.

AND SO I WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND THAT MANY OF YOU MENTIONED THAT YOU GOT INVOLVED BECAUSE YOU WANTED TO BE PART OF THE CHANGE.

AND SO I SENT YOU THE KUT ARTICLE THAT WAS ERIC YESTERDAY, AND IT'S ALSO AN AUSTIN MONITOR.

I WANT YOU TO KNOW THAT HOUSE BILL 3 8 9 3, THE DOWNTOWN TUNNEL BILL FAILED

[00:05:01]

BECAUSE I EXPLAINED TO THE REPUBLICAN SENATORS TITLE SIX OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, WHICH PROHIBITS DISCRIMINATION BASED ON RACE, COLOR, NATIONAL ORIGIN.

BASICALLY, IF THEY PASS THAT BILL, THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN COMPLICIT IN THE DISCRIMINATION OCCURRING IN AUSTIN AND MAY HAVE JEOPARDIZED THE STATE FEDERAL FUNDING.

AND SO WHAT I WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND AS YOU ARE DELIBERATING, THE BUSES RUN 60 MINUTES THERE IT'S 45 MINUTES, PLUS A 30 MINUTE TRANSFER AT BREAKER AND BURNET.

BUT ON GAME DAYS FOR SOCCER LIKE TONIGHT, ROUTE 3 92 RUNS EVERY 20 MINUTES.

AND IT'S 15 MINUTES FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE OFF OF LAKELINE STATION GOING TO THE SOCCER GAMES.

SO THE SYSTEM IS INEQUITABLE AT PRESENT.

YOU MAY HEAR ABOUT THE EQUITABLE TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT.

I JUST WANT YOU TO KNOW THAT REEL IS 24 TO 30 YEARS NORTH OF US, 180 3, ESSENTIALLY NEVER, BUT THEY'RE USING MEANING CAPITOL METRO AND THE CITY OF NORTH LAMAR, UH, EXCUSE ME, NORTH LAMAR TRANSIT CENTER.

SO WHAT I WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND IS THAT YOU HAVE TO LOOK WITH A RACIALIZED LENS AND YOU HAVE TO BE OPEN TO RECOGNIZING THAT AUSTIN IS REALLY STILL DISCRIMINATE DISCRIMINATORY.

AND SO THERE ARE TWO OPPORTUNITIES ON FRIDAY, THE CITY MANAGER WILL PRESENT HIS BUDGET AT COMMUNITY FIRST AT 2:00 PM.

AND I WOULD JUST ENCOURAGE ANY OF YOU WHO CAN GO THERE TO ATTEND THE MEETING, BUT TO TRY TO PARK YOUR CAR AT CRAIG WOOD AND 9 69 AND TAKE THE BUS ROUTE 32 37, SERVES A FORMERLY HOMELESS EVERY 60 MINUTES IT'S INTERLINE OR CONNECTED WITH THE 3 39 TUSCANY BUS, WHICH SERVES THE BLACKS THAT LIVE IN CRESTWOOD.

AND IF YOU CAN'T DO THAT, THEN AT LEAST GO TO CAPITOL METRO TRIP PLANNER AND SEE HOW MANY HOURS IT WOULD TAKE YOU FROM YOUR HOME TO GET TO COMMUNITY FIRST AND THEN A REVERSE TRIP TO TRY AND GET TO WORK.

AND SO MUCH OF THE DISCUSSION WILL BE ABOUT THE HOMELESS.

I JUST WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND THAT IT'S NOT OKAY TO JUST PUT THEM IN THE CORNER OF NORTHEAST AUSTIN WITHOUT ADEQUATE TRANSPORTATION QUESTIONS.

I'LL GLADLY ANSWER THEM AT THIS TIME.

I APPRECIATE THAT.

DO WE HAVE ANY OTHER SPEAKERS TODAY? OKAY.

DO ANY OF OUR COMMISSIONERS HAVE QUESTIONS? UH, I DON'T HAVE A QUESTION, BUT I APPRECIATE YOU CALLING ENGINE NOVIA.

I LIVE IN NORTHEAST AUSTIN AS WELL.

AND, UH, MY, MY MOTHER IS A SENIOR CITIZEN AND TRYING TO, UH, PLAN HER ROUTES, UH, ON THE BUS WAS NOT EASY.

UM, SO THANK YOU FOR CALLING IN AND I THANK YOU, COMMISSIONER.

UM, I WOULD JUST CALL TO YOUR ATTENTION ON JUNE 14TH.

THEY DID START THE PICKUP, THE DESKTOP PICKUP ZONE, WHICH ACTUALLY, UM, OVERLAPS WITH THE ROUTE 3 92 AND 2 43.

I'M NOT SURE WHERE YOUR MOTHER LIVES.

THAT'S STILL NOT AN ADEQUATE SOLUTION.

UM, WE REALLY NEED METRO RAPID TO GO FROM SAMSUNG TO APPLE, WHICH WAS ELIMINATED UNDER PROJECT CONNECTS.

SO IF THE COMMISSION HAS ANY INPUT INTO THE BUDGET PROCESS, I WOULD JUST ASK YOU TO REQUEST IT'S $4.7 MILLION.

UM, AND THE ROUTE WHERE THE, I DON'T KNOW YOUR MOM, OF COURSE, WHERE YOUR MOM LIVES, BUT ON RUTLAND WHERE THEY'RE GOING TO PUT THE HOMELESS THAT'S FEDERAL, THAT WOULD ACTUALLY BE $945,000.

AND LASTLY, I'LL JUST SAY COMMISSIONER'S COURT HAS $247 MILLION, UM, BASED ON, UH, INPUT FROM CONGRESSMAN DOG.

AND, AND THOSE ARE HIS CONSTITUENTS THAT LIVE WAY OUT THERE IN NORTHEAST AUSTIN.

AND SO MAYBE FOR YOUR MOM'S SAKE AND FOR THE PEOPLE IN NORTHEAST AUSTIN, SOME OF THAT MONEY COULD BE USED TO GET THE SENIORS, UM, TO WHERE THEY NEED TO GO, BECAUSE THERE'S A SECOND BUS FOR RBJ SENIORS.

THAT WAS SO THEY COULD GO TO THEIR FAVORITE HEB.

SO EVEN THE SENIOR CITIZENS, AREN'T TREATED FAIRLY, THANK YOU SO MUCH TO OUR SPEAKER TODAY, AND WE'RE GOING TO MOVE FORWARD WITH THE FIRST ITEM OF BUSINESS AGENDA, ITEM ONE.

THIS IS APPROVAL OF THE MINUTES FROM THE JUNE 30TH MEETING.

TAKE A MOMENT TO REVIEW THE MINUTES, PLEASE.

AND LET ME KNOW IF THERE ARE ANY CORRECTIONS TO THE MINUTES, UH, CHIP WENT THIS, OH, COMMISSIONER CALLED IT ON.

I SEE.

YEAH, I DID.

I NOTICED THAT THE ADJOURNMENT HAD ADJOURNED THE MEETING AT XPM, SO WE MIGHT WANT TO UPDATE THE ACTUAL ADJOURNMENT TIME.

THANK YOU.

THAT'S NOTED.

AND MATT, DO WE HAVE THAT RECORD OF, OF THE ADJOURNMENT TIME FOR THE LAST MEETING? YES, WE DO.

OKAY, GREAT.

OKAY.

ARE THERE ANY OTHER CORRECTIONS,

[00:10:02]

IF THERE ARE NO FURTHER CORRECTIONS, THE MINUTES ARE APPROVED.

OKAY.

THE NEXT ORDER OF BUSINESS IS THREE.

A, THIS IS THE PRESENTATION FROM THE NAACP AND HISPANIC COALITION.

AND, UM, I WILL PASS THAT OFF TO Y'ALL TESTING.

ONE, TWO WORKS GOOD EVENING.

MY NAME IS NELSON LINDER AND I'M THE PRESIDENT OF THE AUSTIN NAACP.

WE ARE VERY A MULTIRACIAL, DIVERSE ORGANIZATION.

I WANT TO LOOK AT MY COLLEAGUES NIGHT BEHIND ME.

LOOK AT THAT WHOLE PICTURE THAT WE REPRESENT.

WE REPRESENT AMERICA.

I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT AT THIS TIME TO REALIZE THAT, AND WE WORK TOGETHER, WE COMMUNICATE, WE RESPECT EACH OTHER.

SO WE GET THINGS DONE.

YOU MIGHT KNOW.

ALSO ABOUT NINE YEARS AGO, DEEP RELATION, IT CAME TOGETHER AND PRODUCED THE CURRENT TEN ONE SYSTEM FROM DIFFERENT IDEOLOGIES, DIFFERENT LOCATIONS IN THE CITY, BUT YET WE PUT IT TOGETHER AND IT'S STILL WORKING TODAY.

THIS IS A VERY CRITICAL TIME.

UH, JUST THREE DAYS AGO, WE HAD THIS NATION'S BIRTHDAY.

WE CALL IT JULY THE FOURTH.

WE TALKED ABOUT MULTI-RACIAL DEMOCRACY, BUT IT'S NOT THAT IT'S MULTI-RACIAL, BUT IT'S NOT DEMOCRACY.

THE WORK YOU DO IS VERY IMPORTANT.

JUST A SHORT STORY.

YOU KNOW, THOMAS JEFFERSON AND HIS ORIGINAL DRAFT OF THE DECLARATION.

SHE ADDRESSED THINGS LIKE RACISM, AND SPECIFICALLY HE CONDEMNED THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE AND SLAVERY JEFFERSON, BUT HE GOT BACK IN THE ROOM WITH HIS COLLEAGUES AND THEY, THEY PRESSURED HIM TO TAKE THAT OUT OF THE, OUT OF THE DECORATION.

SO YOU DREW A LINE THROUGH IT.

AND SO I'LL FATE STARTED ALMOST TO IT 245 YEARS AGO.

IT SPEAKS TO THE IMPORTANCE OF FOLKS WHO GROW MAPS BELIEVE IN DEMOCRACY AND BELIEVE IN FAIRNESS.

AND TODAY IT'S A CRITICAL TIME WHEN FOLKS ARE PRACTICING VOTER SUPPRESSION, MAKING VOTING MORE DIFFICULT, NOT MORE ACCESSIBLE.

YOU GUYS HAVE AN ENORMOUS TASK.

MY ASS KNIGHT IS VERY, IS VERY, VERY SIMPLE.

YOU CARE A LOT OF WEIGHT ON YOUR SHOULDERS.

PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOU TREAT THE MAP THAT REPRESENTS DEMOCRACY.

AND ALSO WE LOOK AT THESE ORGANIZATIONS, LOOK AT HOW MUCH WE WORK TOGETHER TO SPEND A COMMUNITY, A BLACK COMMUNITY.

WE'RE VERY DIVERSE FOLKS.

AND WE LIKE EACH OTHER.

WE RESPECT EACH OTHER THAT NEEDS TO BE REFLECTED AND WHAT YOU DESIGN.

AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT FOLKS WHO ARE MUCH HIGH PLACES, WHO, WHO DON'T HAVE YOUR INTEGRITY OR DEDICATION PUT NOT DOING DEMOCRACY, YOU MIGHT THINK YOU'RE ON THEIR RADAR, BUT THE WORK YOU'RE DOING IS BEING WATCHED BY A LOT OF PEOPLE.

SO I WANNA ENCOURAGE YOU, FIRST OF ALL, TO KNOW THE HISTORY OF WHERE WE CAME FROM, DOL LARGE SYSTEM AND WHAT IT REPRESENTED IT.

WELL, YOU HAD A CERTAIN GROUP OF FOLKS PICKING OTHER FOLKS REPRESENTATION.

THAT'S NOT DEMOCRACY, BUT PEOPLE CAME TOGETHER AND CHANGED THAT SYSTEM.

SO NOW WE HAVE FOUR DISTRICTS AND THAT'S VERY IMPORTANT AS YOU GO FORWARD.

YOU REMEMBER THAT, THAT WITHOUT THOSE FOUR DISTRICTS, YOU WON'T HAVE DEMOCRACY IS NOT JUST A DISTRICT WOULD HAVE REPRESENTATIONS.

YOU HAVE AN EQUITIES AND UNFAIRNESS ALL OF THIS CITY.

SO HAVING REPRESENTATION IS CRITICAL TO ADDRESSING THE VERY THINGS WE PLANNED.

WE WANT TO FIX.

AND I'M SET AGAIN, THESE FOLKS BEHIND ME, YOU PROBABLY WON'T SEE THEM IN THIS POSITION AGAIN.

SO YOU MIGHT WANT TO TAKE A PICTURE AT NIGHT AND SEE FOLKS LIKE, LIKE INSTEAD OF OUR, THE LEGEND HERE, HONORABLE MAN AND PEOPLE LIKE PET YOUNG, WHO KNOWS THE SYSTEM INSIDE OUT AND ATTORNEY ADVISOR, MIGUEL, I ALWAYS GOING TO BE SOMEBODY IN THE OR HOUSTON.

THESE PEOPLE ARE LEGENDS, AND THEY'RE STILL HERE WORKING IN, FIGHTING FOR DEMOCRACY.

AND THAT'S IN LACP.

WE'RE HERE TO HELP YOU TO ASSIST YOU, TO GUIDE YOU AND TO ENSURE YOU THAT WE'RE GOING TO BE SUPPORTIVE WHEN YOU ARE DOING THE RIGHT THING.

I HAVE NO DOUBT BASED ON WHAT I'VE HEARD WHEN I'VE SEEN THAT YOU ARE COMMITTED TO KEEPING THE CITY DEMOCRATIC.

SO I HAVE RESPONSIBILITY, AND I'M HOPING THAT AS FOLKS WANTS YOU AND HOW YOU INTERACT AND TALK TO EACH OTHER, THAT THEY WILL EMBRACE YOUR SPIRIT.

SO THEY TOO CAN DO THE SAME THING MADE YOU SEE THEM MORE FAIR, MORE ACCESSIBLE TO EVERYBODY.

SO THESE MAPS, YOU DRAW WILL OFFER HOPE TO A LOT OF PEOPLE.

SO PLEASE PUT FORTH YOUR BEST IDEAS, YOUR BEST VISION TO ENSURE THAT AUSTIN, TEXAS BECOMES A MULTI-RACIAL DEMOCRACY.

AND PLEASE DON'T PULL THE THOMAS JEFFERSON.

NOT THAT YOU WOULD, RIGHT? LIKE I CAN'T WAIT TO HEAR MY COLLEAGUES SPEAK.

SO I THANK YOU FOR LISTENING.

THANK YOU FOR

[00:15:01]

THE SACRIFICE YOU GIVEN ALREADY.

AND, UM, AND BEST OF LUCK IN THE FUTURE AS YOU DO THIS ENORMOUS TASK THAT SO MANY PEOPLE ARE WATCHING, THAT WOULD AFFECT YOUR CITY.

LET ME JUST SAY THE BETTER, HOPEFULLY.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

THANK YOU, MR. LENDER.

GOOD EVENING, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, MAY IT PLEASE.

THE COMMISSION.

MY NAME IS GONZALO BARRIENTOS BY WAY OF A LITTLE BACKGROUND, UH, GALVESTON BASTROP, AUSTIN, TEXAS FAMILY, UM, CONTINUED UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS WAS A COMMUNITY ORGANIZER FOR THE NATIONAL URBAN LEAGUE UNDER THE KENNEDY JOHNSON, UH, PROGRAMS. UM, I ORGANIZED IN THE HISPANIC AND AFRICAN-AMERICAN AREAS OF AUSTIN, TEXAS.

I WAS A TRAINER FOR THIS TO PEACE CORPS.

I WAS A FEDERAL PROGRAM, OFFICER ESTABLISHING VISTA PEACE CORPS PROJECTS IN TEXAS FROM EL PASO TO HOUSTON AND SOUTH TO THE BORDER.

I WAS A TRAINER IN WASHINGTON, DC FOR THE LEADERSHIP INSTITUTE FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

CAME BACK TO AUSTIN.

WASHINGTON IS A NICE PLACE TO VISIT, BUT, UH, UM, COUNTRY.

UM, I SPENT, UH, 10 YEARS AS A STATE REPRESENTATIVE FROM AUSTIN, TEXAS, AND 20 YEARS IN THE TEXAS SENATE.

UM, BY THE, BY I, UH, PASSED A LEGISLATION TO ESTABLISH SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICTS FOR THE SCHOOL BOARD HERE IN AUSTIN, TEXAS, UH, WAS FORTUNATE TO HAVE BEEN THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CITY OF AUSTIN CHARTER COMMISSION, WHERE WE PASSED A SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICTS FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER IN AUSTIN, TEXAS, AND THE PEOPLE OF AUSTIN VOTED TO HAVE THAT ALL I ASK FOR YOU TO CONSIDER, AND WE'RE HERE AS IN RESPONSE, UH, TO BE SUPPORTIVE AND AS A RESOURCE FOR YOU, UM, BALANCE EQUITY, MINORITY POPULATION, GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION, UH, GERRYMANDERING, I'M SURE YOU KNOW WHAT THAT IS AND WHAT HAS, UH, DAMAGE IT HAS DONE IN THIS COUNTRY AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS STATE.

UM, OF COURSE THE LAST STATEMENT I WOULD MAKE IS, UM, THAT WILL WHEN APPROPRIATE HAVE RECOMMENDATIONS, UH, OF THE BLACK AND HISPANIC DISTRICTS, BUT AS YOU WILL SEE TODAY, WE ARE READY TO PROVIDE ANY OTHER, UH, ASSISTANCE.

UH, YOU MAY REQUEST, UH, ALL THE TIME FROM WHEN I WAS GROWING UP UNTIL I SERVED IN THE LEGISLATURE.

EVEN NOW AS A CITIZEN, I ALWAYS USED THE THREE CS COMMON SENSE, COMPASSION AND THE COMMON.

GOOD.

THANK YOU.

AND GOOD LUCK.

THANK YOU, SENATOR ABOUT AGAIN, THOUGHTS.

GOOD EVENING COMMISSIONERS.

UH, IT'S AN HONOR TO BE HERE WITH YOU TONIGHT.

UH, AS HAS ALREADY BEEN SAID BY MY COLLEAGUES.

UH, I HAD THE PRIVILEGE OF WORKING WITH THEM AND, AND MANY OTHERS, UH, SEVERAL YEARS AGO WAS WE FOUNDED AUSTINITES FOR GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION AND FUNDAMENTALLY CHANGED THE WAY AUSTIN ALEXA AT CITY COUNCIL.

AND THE CATALYST FOR THAT CHANGE WAS, UH, TO DO AWAY WITH A SYSTEM THAT DID NOT PROVIDE DEMOCRATIC REPRESENTATION TO PEOPLE IN COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST WITHIN THE CITY AND GO TO A SYSTEM THAT DID PROVIDE THAT.

AND, UH, I AM, UH, FOR BETTER OR WORSE THAN ATTORNEY.

SO I'VE DRAWN THE STRAW TO EXPLAIN TO YOU SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE THINK ARE PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT FOR YOU TO FOLLOW.

OF COURSE, ALL OF YOUR LEGAL REQUIREMENTS ARE IMPORTANT, BUT FOR OUR COALITION, THERE ARE ITEMS THAT ARE OF PARTICULAR IMPORTANCE FOR YOU TO FOLLOW.

NOW.

I WAS GOING TO SPEND QUITE A BIT OF TIME ON THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT TO BEGIN THIS PRESENTATION, BUT I SAW ON YOUR AGENDA THAT YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE A PRESENTATION ON THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT.

SO YOU'LL BE SPARED A LOT OF INFORMATION ON THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT, BUT AT LEAST FOR ME, BUT, UH, THERE ARE SOME PARTICULAR ISSUES THAT, THAT COME UP AND THEY CAME UP THE LAST TIME DISTRICTS, UH, WERE DRAWN.

AND I UNDERSTAND THEY'VE, THEY'VE ACTUALLY COME UP IN SOME OF YOUR DISCUSSIONS THIS TIME.

AND THAT IS, UH, THE UNDERSTANDING OF UNDER THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT.

WHY ARE CERTAIN GROUPS PROTECTED UNDER THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT VERSUS GROUPS THAT ARE NOT PROTECTED UNDER THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT? SO JUST TO GIVE A VERY, VERY BRIEF AND CONCISE OVERVIEW OF, OF THE LAW SURROUNDING THAT, UH, THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT, UH, HAS NOT SAID THAT A STATE MAY NOT DRAW DISTRICTS MOTIVATED PREDOMINANTLY BY RACE.

UH, WHAT THEY HAVE SAID IS THAT A REDISTRICTING PLAN FOUND TO HAVE BEEN PREDOMINANTLY ON THE BASIS OF RACE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL.

[00:20:02]

IF IT CANNOT WITHSTAND STRICT JUDICIAL SCRUTINY.

NOW, IN ORDER TO WITHSTAND STRICT SCRUTINY, IT HAS TO BE BOTH NARROWLY TAILORED AND FURTHER A COMPELLING STATE INTEREST.

AND SO ONE OF THE, AND THE PRIMARY COMPELLING STATE INTEREST THAT HAVE BEEN FOUND BY THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT AND FEDERAL COURTS TO JUSTIFY THE DRAWING OF A DISTRICT BASED UPON RACIAL OR ETHNIC CHARACTERIZATIONS IS REMEDYING PAST AND PRESENT DISCRIMINATION.

IN OTHER WORDS, THE POLITICAL ENTITY, WHETHER IT'S THE STATE, THE CITY, THE COUNTY, WHATEVER IT IS MUST HAVE IN THE PAST, ENGAGED IN SOME KIND OF DISCRIMINATORY BEHAVIOR.

AS I KNOW YOU'VE SEEN PRESENTATIONS AND PROBABLY ALL KNOW THAT AUSTIN DID IN FACT DO THIS.

AND SO IN ORDER TO REMEDY THE DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THOSE GROUPS, THOSE GROUPS SPECIFICALLY AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND HISPANIC GROUPS ARE PROTECTED UNDER THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT.

THAT MEANS THAT NOT ONLY CAN YOU DISCRIMINATE IN TERMS OF FAVORING DISTRICTS, THAT, THAT FAVOR THOSE COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST, OR IDENTIFY THOSE AS COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST AS VOTERS, BUT YOU MUST DO THAT.

WHEREAS WITH ANY OTHER GROUP BASED UPON RACE, GENDER, ETHNICITY, YOU ARE PROHIBITED FROM DRAWING DISTRICTS BASED UPON THOSE CHARACTERISTICS.

SO THAT'S WHY WE'RE FOCUSED ON, UH, BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT FEDERAL LAW SAYS.

THAT'S WHY WE'RE FOCUSED ON DRAWING DISTRICTS, UH, BASED UPON PROTECTING THE VOTING RIGHTS OF HISPANICS AND AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND WHY WE'RE NOT FOCUSED ON PROTECTING SPECIFIC ETHNIC OR RACIAL OR GENDER BASED VOTING RIGHTS FOR ANY OTHER TYPES OF ROOFS.

SO JUST A LITTLE BIT OF A BRIEF BACKGROUND AS TO HOW THE LAW PLAYS OUT ON THAT AND WHY DISTRICTS WERE DRAWN THE WAY THEY WERE IN THE PAST AND WHY AS YOU'RE DRAWING NEW DISTRICTS, THOSE ARE THE CONSIDERATIONS YOU HAVE TO KEEP IN MIND NOW IN THE CHARTER.

UH, AND IT'S, UH, SECTION THREE, A LARGE E THERE IS A LIST OF SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR DRAWING DISTRICTS IN ORDER OF PRIORITY.

AND IF YOU'LL BEAR WITH ME, I'M GOING TO GO THROUGH THESE AS QUICKLY AS I CAN, BECAUSE IT'S IMPORTANT THAT YOU UNDERSTAND, AS YOU'RE DRAWING THE DISTRICTS, THAT THIS IS A SPECIFIC ORDER OF PRIORITY, MEANING THAT YOU HAVE TO TAKE CARE OF THE TOP PRIORITIES FIRST.

AND IF THESE LOWER PRIORITIES CAN'T BE MET, IT'S MORE IMPORTANT THAT YOU MEET THE HIGHER PRIORITIES.

SO STARTING WITH THE VERY BEGINNING, UH, DISTRICTS, AND THIS IS A LITTLE BIT OBVIOUS MAYBE, BUT DISTRICTS MUST COMPLY WITH THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION.

UH, COUNCIL OF DISTRICTS HAVE TO HAVE EQUAL POPULATION RELATIVELY SPEAKING WITH OTHER DISTRICTS, MEANING EQUAL IN SIZE, EXCEPT WHEN DEVIATION IS REQUIRED TO COMPLY WITH THE FEDERAL VOTING RIGHTS ACT AS ALLOWABLE BY LAW.

IN OTHER WORDS, YOU CAN HAVE SOME DEVIATION IN ORDER TO GET YOUR VOTING RIGHTS AT COMPLIANCE.

SECOND CRITERIA IS THE FEDERAL BUDGET, YOUR RIGHTS ACT, AS WELL AS OTHERS STATE REQUIREMENTS OR FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS, BUT THE PRIMARY ONE YOU'RE GOING TO BE LOOKING AT IT'S THE FEDERAL VOTING RIGHTS ACT.

THIRD DISTRICT SHALL BE GEOGRAPHICALLY CONTIGUOUS.

THAT MEANS YOUR DISTRICT SHOULD NOT LOOK LIKE THE UNITED STATES CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS IN TEXAS.

THEY SHOULD NOT LOOK LIKE THAT.

THEY SHOULD LOOK CONTIGUOUS COMPACT.

THERE SHOULD BE TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, A RATIONAL SO THAT A PERSON CAN LOOK AT THE DISTRICTS.

AS YOU CAN LOOK AT THE MAPS OF THE CURRENT DISTRICTS IN AUSTIN AND SAY, YEAH, THAT'S KIND OF A, THAT'S A NEIGHBORHOOD, OR THAT'S A GROUP, OR THAT'S A PART OF TOWN OR SOME KIND OF A, SOME KIND OF A GEOGRAPHICALLY COMPACT AREA THAT REACHING OUT TO GRAB SOME LITTLE AREA HERE OR SOME OTHER AREA THERE OF VOTERS.

UH, FOURTH GEOGRAPHIC INTEGRITY OF A LOCAL NEIGHBORHOOD OR LOCAL COMMUNITY OF INTEREST SHOULD BE RESPECTED IN A MANNER THAT MINIMIZES DIVISION.

IN OTHER WORDS, YOU TRY NOT TO DRAW LINES RIGHT DOWN THE MIDDLE OF A NEIGHBORHOOD.

IF YOU KNOW THAT A CERTAIN NEIGHBORHOOD EXISTS, YOU DON'T WANT TO, THE EXTENT THAT YOU CAN POSSIBLE SPLIT THAT NEIGHBORHOOD IN HALF OR IN THIRDS OR ORANGE FOURTHS, A FIFTH TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE THE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES SHOULD BE DRAWN TO ENCOURAGE COMPACTNESS SUCH THAT NEARBY AREAS OF POPULATION ARE NOT BYPASS TO REACH OTHER AREAS THAT ACTUALLY THAT REACHES BACK UP TO THE GEOGRAPHICALLY CONTIGUOUS.

BUT IT ALSO, IT'S A DIFFERENT COMP CONCEPT BECAUSE HE'S TALKING ABOUT COMPACTNESS TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE SO THAT PEOPLE IN DISTRICTS ARE ALL LIVING FAIRLY NEAR EACH OTHER, AS OPPOSED TO BEING SPREAD OUT OVER A LARGE SWATH OF THE CITY.

UH, SIXTH, THE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES SHOULD BE DRAWN USING THE BOUNDARIES OF EXISTING ELECTION PRECINCTS THAT'S, UH, AND OBVIOUSLY IT IS POSSIBLE IF ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO BALANCE THE POPULATION TO SPLIT PRECINCTS, BUT WE WOULD PREFER, AND THE LAW WOULD PREFER THAT YOU NOT SPLIT ELECTION PRECINCTS, IF THAT'S POSSIBLE.

AND THEN FINALLY, UH, GEOGRAPHICALLY IDENTIFIABLE BOUNDARIES, UH, STREETS,

[00:25:01]

RIVERS, UH, PARKS, THOSE KINDS OF THINGS, SOMETHING THAT'S IDENTIFIABLE, GEOGRAPHICALLY, NOT AN ARTIFICIAL LINE THAT GOES RIGHT THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF SOMEBODY'S HOUSE.

SO THAT'S, THOSE ARE THE CRITERIA.

AND IT'S IMPORTANT THAT YOU FOLLOW THEM WHEN YOU'RE ESTABLISHING YOUR DISTRICTS IN THAT ORDER, NOT STARTING AT THE BOTTOM AND MOVING TO THE TOP, BUT STARTING AT THE TOP AND MOVING TO THE BOTTOM.

SO, AND THAT WAS WRITTEN IN THIS CHARTER PROVISION THAT WAS ADOPTED BY THE CITY FOR A SPECIFIC REASON, BECAUSE WE DIDN'T WANT TO SEE THE KINDS OF DISTRICTS THAT GET DRAWN FOR, FOR THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS.

WE WANTED TO SEE DISTRICTS THAT REPRESENTED THE NEIGHBORHOODS AND THE PEOPLE OF AUSTIN AS THEY, AS THEY LIVE HERE.

AND THEN FINALLY A POINT THAT I WANTED TO MAKE ABOUT YOUR, YOUR DEADLINES, BECAUSE I KNOW GIVEN THE SOMEWHAT LATE START AND, UH, SOME OF THE PRESSURE THAT YOU ALL ARE UNDER, AND I'VE BEEN WATCHING A LITTLE BIT, ALTHOUGH NOT NEARLY AS MUCH AS MR. YOUNG, BUT I'VE BEEN WATCHING.

AND I KNOW THAT YOU'VE GOT, UH, AN AGGRESSIVE, UH, PUBLIC HEARING SCHEDULED THAT YOU'RE GOING TO BE CONSIDERING, AND YOU'RE GOING TO DO YOUR BEST TO MAKE YOUR NOVEMBER DEADLINE.

I UNDERSTAND ALL OF THAT.

I WOULD DRAW YOUR ATTENTION THOUGH, TO SECTION G SUBSECTION TWO, WHICH SAYS THAT IF YOU DON'T MAKE YOUR DEADLINE, THE, UH, CITY OF AUSTIN WILL PETITION THE STATE COURT FOR AN ORDER SETTING BOUNDARIES, ACCORDING TO REDISTRICT CRITERIA AND REQUIREMENTS SET IN THE SECTION.

IN OTHER WORDS, THE CITY COUNCIL WOULD DO IT.

BUT WHAT IT ALSO SAYS IS THE PLAN PRESCRIBED BY THE COURT THAT'S ADOPTED.

THERE WILL BE USED FOR ALL SUBSEQUENT CITY COUNCIL ELECTIONS UNTIL A FINAL PLAN IS ADOPTED BY THE COMMISSION.

THAT MEANS THAT EVEN IF YOU MISS YOUR, YOU SHOULD KEEP WORKING AND ADOPT A PLAN.

AND ONCE YOU HAVE A PLAN ADOPTED, THAT WILL BE THE PLAN.

SO KEEP THAT IN MIND IF YOU'RE PUSHING YOUR DEADLINE.

AND IF IT'S NOT CORRECT, IF, IF ANYBODY IS TELLING YOU, AND I DON'T KNOW IF ANYONE HAS, BUT IT'S NOT CORRECT TO SAY THAT IF YOU DON'T MAKE YOUR DEADLINE, THEN YOU SHOULD JUST STOP BECAUSE YOU CAN STILL ADOPT YOUR PLAN.

AND IT JUST MEANS THAT IT BECOMES THE PLAN ONCE YOU'VE ADOPTED IT.

SO WITH THAT, I'LL STEP ASIDE AND LET MY COLLEAGUES SPEAK.

THANK YOU.

CAN YOU PLEASE TELL US YOUR NAME, SIR? JUST FOR EVERYONE.

IT'S ROGER BOARD GELT, B O R G E L T.

THANK YOU, MR. BORGELT, UM, PAC YOUNG WITH THE NAACP HISPANIC BANK COALITION.

AND NOW YOU CAN PUT A FACE ON THE VOICE THAT YOU'VE BEEN HEARING, UH, IN YOUR NIGHTMARES FOR THE LAST, UH, SEVERAL MONTHS.

IT'S AN HONOR TO SEE YOU ALL, UH, AND TO BE WITH YOU IN PERSON.

UH, FOR THE FIRST TIME, UH, I'VE BEEN INVOLVED IN AUSTIN POLITICS SINCE 1967 IN A DIRECT WAY.

WHEN I VOLUNTEERED TO BE A VOTER REGISTRATION, UH, VOLUNTEER WITH THE NAACP AND WAS PROUD TO BE MADE A CAPTAIN, UH, FOR THEIR VOLUME AND THEIR VOTER REGISTRATION PROGRAM.

THAT YEAR LATER, I'VE DONE A NUMBER OF THINGS SINCE I'M NOT GOING TO BORE YOU WITH THAT.

WHAT I DO WANT TO DO IS ADDRESS THE ISSUE RAISED IN THE VRA ABOUT A HISTORY OF DISCRIMINATION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED, UH, BY WHAT YOU WERE GOING TO DO, BECAUSE TEXAS AUSTIN HAS A VERY COLORFUL HISTORY.

YOU HAVE A SHORT, UH, UH, SUMMATION IN YOUR SLIDE.

I WANT TO FLESH THAT OUT SOME, UH, BRIEFLY, AND THE PRESENT THAT YOU HAVE, OUR LONGER VERSION, I BELIEVE IS A HANDOUT, UH, BRIEFLY FROM, UH, 1840 TO 1908.

WE HAD AN AT-LARGE SYSTEM, UH, PARTLY BECAUSE WE COULDN'T CHANGE HER.

WE COULDN'T CHANGE IT UNTIL THE 1870S.

AND, UH, DURING RECONSTRUCTION, WE MANAGED TO ELECT, UH, SOME BLACK REP TO BLACK REPRESENTATIVES TO THE CITY COUNCIL, UH, THAT CAME TO AN END, UM, AND WOULD NOT, WE WOULD NOT HAVE AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN AGAIN ON Z COUNCILS IN 1971.

SO YOU CAN SEE FOR THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITY, UH, DISCRIMINATION BECAME AN ESTABLISHED HABIT VERY EARLY IN, HAS BEEN CONTINUED TO BE ONE UNTIL THE SEVENTIES, UM, IN 1909, UH, THE CUSTODIAN CAN, CAN, UH, MOVE TO A COMMISSIONER SYSTEM WHERE THEY HAD A COMMISSIONER FOR PARKS, POLICE, SO FORTH WATERWAYS WATER.

THIS WAS BECAUSE OF A WAR BETWEEN A MAN NAMED ZILKER.

YOU MAY HAVE GONE TO HIS PARK AND A MAN NAMED WOOLDRIDGE WHO ALSO ENDED UP WITH A PARK, UH, ZILKER REPRESENTED A NEW DIFFERENT OF MINORITIES, UH, IRISHMAN, UH, GERMANS AND SWEDES.

UH, THE SWEDES HAVE BEEN ABSORBS.

YOU'RE NOT AWARE PROBABLY.

AND SO OF THE GERMANS, UH, SO YOU'RE NOT AWARE OF THEM AS A YOUNG MAN HERE.

I WAS AWARE OF THE SWEDISH POPULATION, UH, BUT THOSE MINORITIES CONTROL THE CITY COUNCIL UNDER

[00:30:01]

A SYSTEM OF DISTRICTS BECAUSE THEY MORE, THE MAJORITY OF THE DISTRICTS, MR. WOOLDRIDGE, HE WAS VERY FIRMLY IN FAVOR OF ANGLO-SAXONS RUNNING THE PLACE, WENT TO AN AT-LARGE SYSTEM, WHICH GAVE THEM CONTROL BECAUSE THERE WAS A MAJORITY OF THEM IN THE CITY PERIOD CONTROL OF THE CITY UNDER THE COMMISSION SYSTEM.

AND IT REMAINED IN EFFECT BETWEEN 1906 AND 2010, UH, IN 1924, THEY, THEY WENT TO A CITY MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT, WHICH FURTHER REMOVED CONTROL OF THE CITY FROM THE DIRECTLY FROM THE VOTERS THAT PASSED BY A WHOLE 35 VOTES OUT OF AN OUT OF 4,881 VOTES CAST.

SO MR. WOOLDRIDGE HAD A VERY HARD TIME PASSING THAT, BUT HE DID MANAGE TO GET IT DONE, UH, IN 1928, THAT NEW CITY MASTER PLAN UNDER FEDERAL LAW THAT ALLOWED US TO HAVE A MASTER PLAN, TOLD BLACKS IF THEY WANTED PARKS AND WE HAVE WATER AND WASTEWATER, THEY NEED TO MOVE EAST OF EAST AVENUE, YOU KNOW, EAST AVENUE AS , UH, THE BLACKS WHO DIDN'T MOVE.

AND THERE WERE SOME VICES LIKE CLARKSVILLE AND SO FORTH.

UH, THOSE AFRICAN-AMERICANS DIDN'T GET WATER AND WASTEWATER AND THEY NEVER GOT A PARK EVENTUALLY OUT OF NECESSITY.

THEY, SOME OF THEM GOT WATER AND WASTEWATER I GREW UP WITH IN WEST AUSTIN WAS THOSE THAT WERE IN CLARKSVILLE.

UH, BUT THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY EAST AUSTIN, UM, THE, FROM 1924 TO 1951, WE HAD A SYSTEM WHERE THERE WERE FIVE SPOTS ON THE COUNCIL AND THE TOP FIVE VOTE GETTERS GOT THOSE SPOTS.

SO EVERYBODY RAN AND WHOEVER GOT THE MOST VOTES, THE FIRST FIVE GOT ELECTED.

WELL, THAT STOPPED BECAUSE IN 1951, A MAN NAMED ARTHUR DINWIDDIE, THE THEN PRESIDENT OF THE NAACP RAN FOR THE CITY COUNCIL.

AND HE CAME IN EIGHTH AND AGENDA GENTLEMEN BEEN NAMED PATRICIA MENDEZ.

ALSO, SHE HAD A STRONG SHOWING.

I CHECKED AND HE CAME IN 10TH.

WELL, WE DIDN'T HAVE, WE COULDN'T HAVE THAT BECAUSE, SO IN 1953, WE PUT IN PLACE A FIVE PLACE SYSTEM IN WHICH YOU RAN FOR PLACES.

AND YOU HAD TO HAVE A MAJORITY OF THE PLACES MR. AND MR. MENENDEZ MENDEZ DID NOT HAVE A CHANCE OF GETTING A MAJORITY OF THE CITIZENS OF BOSTON TO VOTE FOR HIM.

SO THAT ENDED ANY CHANCE OF BLACK OR HISPANIC REPRESENTATION IN THE FIFTIES.

UH, IT WASN'T TILL 1959, BY THE WAY, THAT AFRICAN-AMERICANS WERE ALLOWED TO SWIM AT BARTON SPRINGS IN 1963, UH, 30 RESTAURANTS GOT TOGETHER AND ALLOWED BLACKS TO EAT AT WHITE RESTAURANTS.

SO THAT WAS A BIG STEP FORWARD.

ONE OF THE MORE TARIFF, ONE OF THE WORST THINGS I EVER SAW WAS IN 1968, THIS WAS CONSIDERED LYNDON REMAINS JOHNSON'S HOME CITY IN 1968.

HIS LAST PIECE OF CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION WAS PASSED, WHICH WAS YOU OPEN HOUSING WALL.

HOWEVER, WHEN THE CITY OF THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF AUSTIN PASSED A COMPLIMENTARY PIECE OF LEGISLATION TO OPEN HOUSING AT THE CITY LEVEL, REFERENDUM WAS PUT FORWARD BY INTEREST HERE IN AUSTIN, LED BY KLANSMEN TO REPEAL THAT ORDINANCE.

AND THEY WERE SUCCESSFUL BY VOTE OF 57 TO 43%.

THE CITY OPEN HOUSING ORDINANCE WAS REPEALED IN THE HOME CITY OF THE PRESIDENT WHO HAD PASSED IT NATIONALLY.

THEN IN 1969, THE THREE COUNCIL MEMBERS WHO WERE THE BACKBONE OF THE FIVE COUNCIL MEMBERS WHO VOTED FOR THAT ALL WERE DEFEATED IN THE CITY ELECTION.

AND WHAT WOULD AMOUNTED TO A CITY CLAN LED COUNCIL WAS PUT IN PLACE, UH, EVENTUALLY AND 69 ALSO, THEY HAD PASSED THE THING INCREASED INCREASING THE COUNCIL TO SEVEN MEMBERS WITH A MAYOR ACTUALLY FOR THE FIRST TIME ELECTED AT LARGE AND SIX COUNCIL MEMBERS ELECTED, UH, FROM 71 TO 75.

WE HAD A SORT OF RENAISSANCE AROUND HERE BECAUSE WE MANAGED TO MOBILIZE THE MINORITY COMMUNITY, ORGANIZED LABOR AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, AS WELL AS OLD TIME LIBERALS.

AND WE DID SOME STRANGE AND WONDERFUL THINGS FOR AUSTIN.

WE ELECTED THE FIRST BLACK, SINCE RECONSTRUCTION BURL HANCOCKS.

WE ELECTED THE FIRST, UH, ENVIRONMENTALIST LO LIBERMAN.

WE ELECTED THE FIRST PERSON OF A JEWISH FAITH EVER IN THE HISTORY OF THE CITY.

JEFF FRIEDMAN, UH, ONE OF THE TWO COUNCIL, ONE OF THE THREE COUNCIL MEMBERS WHO HAD VOTED FOR, UH, CIVIL RIGHTS WAS REELECTED NAMED DICK NICHOLS AND THE ANTI CIVIL WAR, ANTI, UH, CIVIL RIGHTS COUNCIL WAS BASICALLY A BLITZER RATED.

UH, AND NONE OF THEM WERE EVER SEEN SINCE AND 73 ARE FORMER UT STUDENT BODY PRESIDENT WAS ELECTED TO THE COUNCIL AND THE FIRST BLACK AND FIRST JEWISH COUNCIL MEMBERS WERE REELECTED.

AND 75, THE FIRST PROGRESSIVE CITY COUNCIL SINCE 67 WAS ELECTED FREEDMAN BECAME MAYOR.

THE FIRST HISPANIC JOHN TREVINO WAS ELECTED TO THE COUNCIL AND THE HISTORY OF THE CITY.

THE FIRST LGBTQ COUNCIL MEMBER EMMYLOU LYNN WAS

[00:35:01]

ELECTED AND AUSTIN HISTORY, THE FIRST BLACK COUNCIL MEMBER FROM EAST AUSTIN, JIMMY SNAIL, MR. HANCOCK'S WAS A FINE MAN, BUT DIDN'T LIVE.

HE DIDN'T LIVE IN EAST AUSTIN WHEN HE WAS ELECTED WAS ELECTED.

AND FOR THE FIRST TIME OVER TWO WOMEN WERE ELECTED TO THE CITY COUNCIL.

WE'D BEEN ELECTING WOMEN SINCE 1948 WHEN I WAS BORN, BUT ONLY ONE AT A TIME IN THAT YEAR IN 75, WE ELECTED TO, HOWEVER, THERE WAS A REAL REACTION.

SOMETHING CALLED THE GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT.

AND IN SUMMATION, THE GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT WAS ONE SO-CALLED PROGRESSIVE, AND ONE NON-RACIST BUSINESS GUY GOT TOGETHER AND CUT A DEAL THAT THEY WOULD ALLOW THE AFRICAN-AMERICANS A SEAT AND THE HISPANICS A SEAT AND NOT ALLOW THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY TO RUN ANYBODY AGAINST THE DESIGNATED BLACK AND THE DESIGNATED HISPANIC.

WELL, THAT SOUNDS FAIR.

EXCEPT YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND THAT MEANT THE WHITE PEOPLE GOT TO ELECT THE BLACK AND THEN THAT WHITE PEOPLE GOT TO ELECT THE HISPANIC.

IT ALSO MEANT THAT FOR THE NEXT SOME QUARTER CENTURY, WHILE THE HISPANIC COMMUNITY GREW, THEY COULDN'T HAVE ANY MORE SEATS ON THE COUNCIL.

IF YOU RAN OUTSIDE THE DESIGNATED SEAT, YOU COULDN'T WIN.

THE ONLY EXCEPTION TO THAT WAS WHEN GUS GARCIA, UH, RAN FOR MAYOR, WHICH HE'D INHERITED BECAUSE OF MOTHER MAYOR LEFT AND HE GOT ELECTED AND SOMEONE RAN FOR THE HISPANIC SEAT.

SO FOR A BRIEF PERIOD OF TIME, WE HAD TWO HISPANICS.

BUT TRUST ME, BY THEN BOTH THE GUYS THAT DID THE GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT WERE DEAD.

SO THEY COULDN'T ENFORCE IT THE NEXT TIME, BY THE WAY, WE GUESS WHAT WE DID, WE WENT BACK TO ONE HISPANIC AND ONE BLACK.

AND MOST OF THE TIME WE HAD SITUATIONS IN WHICH THE PERSON WHO RECEIVED THE MAJORITY OF THE VOTES IN THE HISPANIC AND BLACK COMMUNITY DID NOT WIN THE ELECTION.

THEY HAS THE BLACK AND HISPANIC BACK BY THE MAJORITY OF THE WHITE COMMUNITY GOT ELECTED.

IN FACT, WE HAD A SITUATION FOR 40 YEARS OR 15 OR 17 MAYORS.

AND OVER HALF THE CITY COUNCIL WERE ELECTED FROM TWOS FROM, FROM TWO ZIP CODES IN WEST AUSTIN, WEST ABOUT 35 NORTH OF THE RIVER AND SOUTH OF 180 3.

IN OTHER WORDS, WE HAD DISTRICT ELECTIONS EXCEPT THERE WAS JUST ONE DISTRICT THAT ELECTED THE MAYORS AND THE MOST OF THE MCU CITY COUNCIL MEMBERS.

THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER IS, IS THAT THAT WOULD NOT CHANGE UNTIL 2010, WHEN A PUBLIC ISSUE, WHEN A PUBLIC REFERENDUM WAS HELD ON A CHARTER AMENDMENT AND 61% OF THE VOTERS ARE HUMAN 2012, WHEN 61% OF THE VOTERS, UH, PASSED TEN ONE, IT ALSO CREATED AN INDEPENDENT CITIZENS, UH, INDEPENDENT REDISTRICTING COMMISSION.

AND FRANKLY IT DID IT FOR A VERY, VERY SOUND AND SIMPLE REASON.

THOSE OF US THAT WERE INVOLVED.

AND I WAS ONE OF THOSE ALONG WITH THE THREE GENTLEMEN, YOU JUST HEARD FROM HAVE BEEN IN POLITICS AT THAT POINT A VERY LONG TIME.

AND WE UNDERSTOOD THAT THERE IS NOTHING MORE PERNICIOUS IN DEMOCRACY THAN HAVING THE POLITICIANS PICK THEIR DISTRICTS.

I IN PARTICULAR HAD AS A POLITICAL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATED THE LBJ SCHOOL AND KNOWING, AND HAVING A FIRM THAT WAS THE ONLY STATISTICAL POLITICAL CONSULTING FIRM IN THE STATE OF TEXAS HAD DRAWN DISTRICTS FOR DECADES.

AND GUESS WHO I DREW THEM FOR MY CLIENTS AND I REPRESENTED THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY'S CANDIDATES.

I KNEW WHAT REDISTRICTING GERRYMANDERING WAS BECAUSE I DID IT AND I DIDN'T JUST DO IT HERE.

I DID IT IN ARIZONA.

I DIDN'T THINK IT WAS RIGHT, BUT WHEN YOU'RE ENGAGED IN A WAR, YOU DON'T SIT AROUND ARGUING OVER WHETHER OR NOT YOU'RE SAD AUTO WIN.

AND THAT'S WHAT POLITICAL REDISTRICT AND HAD BECOME WHILE BEFORE I WAS EVER INVOLVED, AUSTIN, IF IT WAS EVER GOING TO EMERGE FROM A CONSISTENT PATTERN OF DISCRIMINATION HAD TO HAVE A COMMISSION LIKE YOURS.

AND WE FOUGHT TO PUT THAT IN AND WE FOUGHT TO GET IT PASSED, AND THAT'S WHY YOU EXIST.

AND THAT'S WHY AGEE AGR, THE OSS NITRA GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION MADE A MAJOR EFFORT IN THE FIRST DRAWING.

AND WHY MANY OF US ARE BACK IN THE HISPANIC AND BLACK COALITION TO HELP.

AGAIN, WE DO NOT WANT TO TELL YOU ANYTHING ABOUT WHAT YOU DO.

WE WANT TO ASSIST YOU IN ANY WAY WE CAN AND WHAT YOU'RE SEEKING TO ACCOMPLISH.

NUMBER TWO, YOU HAVE ASKED ME BEFORE, AND I WILL NOW ANSWER THIS QUESTION.

WHY ARE WE CONCERNED ABOUT ONLY FOUR DISTRICTS? BECAUSE AS WE WILL SHOW YOU LATER, WE THINK THERE IS ONLY AN OPPORTUNITY TO, TO CREATE FOUR DISTRICTS FOR THE MINORITY COMMUNITY.

WE DO NOT SEEK TO DO WHAT I DID ONCE, WHICH WAS NOT ONLY DRAW THE DISTRICTS FOR OUR COMMUNITY.

WE REPRESENT, BUT FOR EVERYBODY ELSE, THAT'S YOUR JOB.

BUT WE DO WANT TO GIVE OUR INPUT ON HOW TO BEST TO DRAW DISTRICTS FOR THE MINORITY COMMUNITY.

AND THAT'S WHAT WE

[00:40:01]

INTEND TO SHOW YOU AT THE APPROPRIATE TIME.

THEN THE APPROPRIATE WAY BEYOND THAT YOUR RESPONSIBILITY IS TO DRAW THE OTHER SIX DISTRICTS ANY WAY YOU WANT TO, BUT WE DO INTEND TO STAY INVOLVED UP TO AND INCLUDING PRESENTING OPTIONS FOR THE MINORITY COMMUNITY DISTRICTS, BECAUSE WE DID END THE SYSTEM OR WHITE PEOPLE CHOSE MINORITY REPRESENTATIVES EIGHT YEARS AGO.

AND WE INTEND TO TRY TO BE SURE THAT DOES NOT HAPPEN AGAIN.

ANY QUESTIONS? THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

THANK YOU, MR. YANG.

SHAREPOINT DOES, I DID HAVE A QUESTION.

YES.

COMMISSIONER CANNON.

I THINK ONE, THANK YOU.

THIS HAS BEEN VERY HELPFUL IN UNDERSTANDING AND GETTING A FIRSTHAND OF REVIEW OF WHAT ALL OF YOU HAVE BEEN DOING.

AND I THINK I HAD ONE QUESTION AROUND, UM, THE CHARTER SET OUT AND I KNOW THERE'S, THERE'S A STACKED LIST IN ORDER OF PRIORITY THAT WE HAVE TO FOLLOW, UM, THAT WAS LAID OUT FOR US, BUT IT DIDN'T NECESSARILY SAY IF THERE WERE A MINIMUM NUMBER OF RULES TO BE MET, OR IF HE COULD MEET ONE, LIKE IF WE MET THE FIRST ONE, WHICH WAS DISTRICTS MUST COMPLY WITH THE CONSTITUTION, WOULD THAT SUFFICE IN YOUR PAST? YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN? THAT LIST OF THAT IS LIST OF LIST OF PRIORITIES.

BUT THAT LIST YOU NEED TO TRY TO COMPLY WITH EVERY ONE OF THEM.

THE POINT IS, IF YOU CAN'T COMPLY WITH THE LAST ONE TO BE ABLE TO COMPLY WITH THE OTHER ONES, THEN THAT'S WHY IT'S A LIST OF PRIORITIES.

GOT IT.

BUT THERE MUST BE A GOOD FAITH EFFORT TO DO EVERYTHING ON THERE.

FOR INSTANCE, YOU CAN'T TO DO EVERYTHING AND THEN HAVE A DISTRICT THAT RUNS FROM PFLUGERVILLE TO HAYES COUNTY THAT WOULD NOT BE APPROPRIATE IF HOWEVER, YOU HAVE A DISTRICT THAT FOR GEOGRAPHIC REASONS HAS TO RUN FROM THE NORTHERN EDGE TO SOME DOWN TO SOME, YOU KNOW, SOME DISTANCE DOWN INTO THE CITY OF AUSTIN, BECAUSE THAT'S JUST WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO TO GET THE RIGHT AMOUNT OF POPULATION.

THEN YOU'VE DONE EVERYTHING YOU CAN, AND THERE'S NOTHING ELSE YOU CAN DO, BUT YOU NEED TO BE AWARE OF ALL THOSE PRIORITIES.

WHAT ROGER SAID WAS IMPORTANT.

THE LEGISLATURE NEVER HEARD OF COMPACT AND CONTIGUOUS DISTRICTS.

WE ARE ASKING IN THE WAY WE WROTE THE AMENDMENT, THAT IN EVERYTHING YOU DO, YOU BE AWARE OF THAT AS WELL AS THE OTHER ISSUES LIKE THE VRA AND SO FORTH SO THAT WE DON'T END UP WITH LITERALLY WHAT ELDRIDGE GARRY CREATED, WHICH IS A MONSTER.

IF YOU'VE EVER SEEN HIS ORIGINAL DISTRICT, RAN ALL OVER THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS, WE WANT DISTRICTS THAT ARE AS TIGHTLY ORGANIZED AS DEMOGRAPHICS, GEOGRAPHY PERMIT.

OKAY.

I UNDERSTAND.

THANK YOU.

I JUST WANT TO MAKE SURE I THANK YOU ALL FOR ALLOWING ME TIME TO STAND UP.

MY NAME IS, IS ORA HOUSTON.

AND, UH, I GUESS I'M REPRESENTING PEOPLE WHO HAVE LIVED HERE THROUGH ALL OF THESE.

MOST OF THESE CHANGES.

NOW I'M NOT AS OLD AS THE 1928 PLAN, BUT I'M COMING PRETTY CLOSE.

UH, FIRST OF ALL, I WANT TO THANK EACH OF YOU FOR YOUR SERVICE TO THE CITY, TO THIS COMMISSION.

I APPRECIATE HOW MUCH WORK YOU'RE PUTTING INTO IT TO GET IT DONE AND GET IT DONE.

RIGHT? UH, MY LIVED EXPERIENCE AND THE LIVED EXPERIENCE OF MANY AUSTIN NIGHTS SHOWS HOW IMPORTANT IT IS FOR EACH OF YOU TO LIVE UP TO THE NAME OF THIS COMMISSION.

BE INDEPENDENT, RELY ON DATA AND FACTS.

AS YOU DRAW THE LINES FOR THE NEW DISTRICTS.

I LIVED MOST OF MY LIFE DURING THE ERA OF JIM CROW IN THE NEGRO DISTRICT AS DEFINED BY THE 1928 MASTER PLAN.

MY FAMILY MOVED FROM EIGHT 15 EAST 11TH STREET TO 2207 EAST 22ND STREET IN 19 54, 20 SECOND STREET IS JUST SOUTH OF MAIN ROAD AND MAIN A ROAD IS THE DIVIDING LINE SET WAS THE DIVIDING LINE SET UP BY THE CITY WHERE AFRICAN-AMERICANS COULD BUY PROPERTY.

THE SOUTH SIDE OF MAIN OR ROAD AND WHITES COULD BUY PROPERTY ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MAIN ROAD.

THE PROMISES MADE ABOUT THE BENEFITS OF MOVING TO THE NEGRO DISTRICT IN THE 1928 PLAN.

DIDN'T MATERIALIZE GETTING THE STREETS, PAVED PARKS, CONSTRUCTED AND MAINTAINED HAVING TRASH DUMPING SITES IN THE INCINERATOR, IN THE AREA, RELOCATED EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS.

THOSE THINGS NEVER HAPPENED.

[00:45:01]

I REMEMBER ORTHOPEDIC WITTY.

MY FATHER O H ELLIOT ATTORNEY VIRGIL LADIN, DR.

EVERY GIVINGS AND OTHERS ALWAYS HAVING TO COME TO CITY COUNCIL TO KEEP THE PROMISES, TO MAKE SURE THAT THE CITY COUNCIL KEPT THE PROMISES THAT THEY MADE.

MY PARENTS ALWAYS VOTED.

THEY TOOK ME TO THE POLLS WHEN THEY VOTED, I SAW THEM PAY THEIR POLL TAXES.

YES, AS PECK SAID IN 1971, BURLED HANCOCKS ON WHOSE SHOULDERS I STOOD WAS ELECTED, BUT HE LIVED IN WEST OF .

JIM JENNIFER KIM WAS ELECTED TO THE COUNCIL IN 2005.

THAT WAS A GREAT DAY FOR MANY OF US IN THIS CITY TO HAVE SOMEONE OF ASIAN ANCESTRY ON THE CITY COUNCIL.

THE ISSUE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE NO POWER, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT PEOPLE WITH NO POWER, NO ACCESS DON'T HAVE THE FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS WHO LIVE IN A HISTORIC COMMUNITIES FOR MINORITY IS THAT THE GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT DID NOT ALWAYS ALLOW FOR A CANDIDATE WHO LIVED IN OR HAD PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE OF AREAS OUTSIDE OF THE CENTER CITY.

EVERYBODY'S FOCUSED ON HOW TO MAKE DOWNTOWN OR THOSE AREAS VERY CLOSE TO THE, INTO DOWNTOWN.

THEY WERE MORE CONCERNED ABOUT THAT.

THEY HAD NO REAL INTEREST IN REPRESENTING CONSTITUENTS BECAUSE THEIR VOTES, EVEN THOUGH WE ALL VOTED FOR EVERYBODY, THEIR VOTES, CONTRIBUTIONS AND POWER CAME FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE CITY.

AN EXAMPLE IS THE CONSTRUCTION OF WATERLOO PARK.

THAT WAS A CITY PRIORITY.

UH, IT WENT ON FOR YEARS.

IT'S STILL GOING ON FOR YEARS.

WE'VE, UH, LOTS OF MONEY HAS BEEN SPENT TO GET WATERLOO PARK TO WHERE IT IS TODAY, UM, TO THE DETRIMENT OF MANY OTHER THINGS THAT PEOPLE EAST OF I 35 WERE CONCERNED ABOUT.

NOT THAT MUCH EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON HEALTH CARE, NOT ON INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS.

WE'VE GOT POTHOLES AND HAVE HAD POTHOLES IN EAST AUSTIN THAT A SMALL CHILD COULD FALL IN, UH, UPDATING WASTEWATER LINES.

TRANSIT TRANSIT WAS AN ISSUE BACK WHEN, UH, IN THE SIXTIES, IT STILL IS AN ISSUE TODAY.

THOSE ISSUES HAVE NOT BEEN ADDRESSED BECAUSE OF HOW WE WERE, UM, HOW THE CITY COUNCIL, UH, THE POWER INFLUENCES OF THE CITY COUNCIL MEMBERS AND WHAT THEIR ISSUES WERE AS OPPOSED TO WHAT THE CONSTITUENTS ISSUES, WHERE POWER IS SEDUCTIVE.

THAT'S WHY THERE WERE THREE BALLOT INITIATIVES IN 20 12, 2 OF THEM BY THE CITY COUNCIL, LEAVE IT AS IT IS, KEEP IT AS IT WAS OR A DISTRICT THAT HAD SIX DISTRICTS, TWO PEOPLE AT LARGE AND THE MAYOR.

AND SO WHEN THE VOTE WAS TAKEN, THE PEOPLE VOTED FOR REPRESENTATION.

THAT WAS 10 DISTRICTS AND A MAYOR.

THE PEOPLE IN MY COMMUNITY IN SMALLER COMMUNITIES, LOW INCOME COMMUNITIES ARE NOT THOSE THAT VOTE OFTEN, BUT WHEN THEY VOTE, THEY WANT SOMEBODY IS THAT IT'S GOING TO BE THERE TO LISTEN TO WHAT THEIR ISSUES ARE AND RESPOND TO THEM IN A TIMELY MANNER.

AND AT LEAST TRY AT LEAST TRY TO GET SOME OF THEIR ISSUES RESOLVED.

THE CHARTER STATES THAT THE CITY COUNCIL ELECTIONS A NONPARTISAN.

THAT MEANS WHEN I RAN, I DID RUN AS A DEMOCRAT OR REPUBLICAN.

I RAN AS A PERSON WHO WAS WILLING TO BE INDEPENDENT.

THE SAME THING.

I'M ASKING YOU ALL TO AWESOME PEOPLE WHO LIVED WITHIN THE 46 SQUARE MILES OF DISTRICT ONE.

WE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY.

THERE WERE NINE OF US RUNNING THAT YEAR FOR CITY COUNCIL.

AND WE ALL HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO GO OUT THROUGHOUT THE 46 SQUARE DISTRICT, 46 SQUARE MILES OF THE DISTRICT AND UNDERSTAND WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE IS THAT NEEDS ARE FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE UP NORTH NEAR HOWARD LANE, JAEGER LANE, AND PALMER, THOSE THAT LIVE DOWN NEAR DEL VALLEY ISD.

THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE ACROSS TOLL ROAD, ONE 30, WHO ACTUALLY LIVE IN THE MAYNOR ISD DISTRICT.

SO WE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO GET TO KNOW UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL WHAT THE NEEDS OF THE PEOPLE WERE AT LARGE REPRESENTATION THAT NEVER HAPPENED.

THEY WERE ONLY CONCERNED IN CONCENTRATED ON WHAT WAS CLOSEST TO THE INNER CITY.

SO WE, THE PEOPLE ARE PUTTING OUR TRUST IN EACH OF YOU NOT TO BE INFLUENCED BY POLITICIANS OR OUTSIDE ENTITIES ARE EVEN, AND I CAN SAY THIS BECAUSE I'VE BEEN UP THERE WHERE YOU'RE SITTING NOW, OR EVEN

[00:50:01]

ENTITIES WITHIN THE WALLS OF THIS BUILDING, AS FAST AS THE CITY HAS GROWN, IT IS CRITICALLY IMPORTANT TO ENSURE THAT DISTRICTS ARE DRAWN WITH AS MUCH EQUITY, FAIRNESS, AND INDEPENDENCE, AS YOU ALL CAN MUSTER AUSTIN'S ELECTION SYSTEM WAS STRUCTURED AND RESTRUCTURED OVER AND OVER TO SUPPRESS MINORITY VOTES.

ALL AUSTINITES ARE DEPENDING ON YOU.

AND FOR THAT, I'M VERY GRATEFUL.

THANKS.

THANK YOU, MS. HOUSTON.

I AM, UH, I AM RYAN ROBINSON.

I'M THE CITY'S FORMER CITY DEMOGRAPHER.

YOU HEARD FROM MY SUCCESSOR, DR.

LAILA VALENCIA A FEW WEEKS AGO.

AND I'D LIKE TO SORT OF PICK UP WHERE SHE LEFT OFF AND SORT OF GO, GO BACKWARDS.

UM, CAN I GET A CLICKER NAT AND FIRE UP THAT PR PRESENTATION? ALL RIGHT.

UM, NEXT SLIDE.

SO PRESENTATION TAKEAWAYS, I'LL JUST READ THESE IN, UH, AND APPRECIATE YOUR TOLERANCE.

UM, BUT ALSO BEFORE I START THIS, I WANT TO SAY KIND OF ECHO PRESIDENT LENDER'S COMMENTS AND OTHERS.

I AM HONORED TO BE HERE.

UM, THE WORK THAT YOU TH THAT YOU FOLKS ARE TASKED WITH IS IMPORTANT IT'S NECESSARY.

AND I THINK IT'S GOING TO BE KIND OF DIFFICULT IN MY MIND.

THIS IS PROBABLY GOING TO BE A HARDER LIFT, A MORE DIFFICULT LIFT THAN THE FIRST TIME DISTRICTS WERE DRAWN.

AND I THINK ONE OF THE, ONE OF MY TAKEAWAYS THAT COMES FROM THIS IS BECAUSE IN THE, IN THE SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, SINCE WE'VE HAD HAD DISTRICTS, YOU KNOW, IN THAT 10 YEAR PERIOD, THE CITY HAS GAINED 200,000 INDIVIDUALS IN THAT INCREMENT OF GAIN.

THAT 200,000 HAS NOT OCCURRED EQUALLY ACROSS THE 10 DISTRICTS, RIGHT? SO BACK TO THE VERY FIRST CRITERIA IN THAT LIST, THE DISTRICTS REALLY HAVE TO HAVE TO BE ALMOST EXACTLY EQUAL TO EACH OTHER.

AND THAT'S, THAT'S GOING TO BE A REAL CHALLENGE.

AND I THINK YOU'LL, UH, ONE OF THE THINGS I HOPE TO SORT OF DEMONSTRATE IS WHY THAT'S GOING TO BE A CHALLENGE.

SO WITH THAT, LET ME JUMP BACK INTO THE TAKEAWAYS IN TERMS OF RACE AND ETHNICITY, THE CITY OF AUSTIN HAS EXPERIENCED PROFOUND DIVERSIFICATION OVER THE PAST 50 YEARS, AS AN EASY THING TO DOCUMENT.

IT'S AN EASY THING TO SHOW, AND YET DIVERSIFICATION DYNAMICS ARE SHIFTING STRUCTURALLY AND SPATIALLY.

NOW, WHEN I USE THAT TERM STRUCTURALLY, I'M REALLY TALKING ABOUT SHERIFF TOTAL, WHAT PERCENT IS, YOU KNOW, IS THIS GROUP W YOU KNOW, HOW IS THAT, IS THAT CHANGING? AND OF COURSE, SPATIALLY, I'M TALKING ABOUT WHAT PART OF THE CITY W WE FIND CONCENTRATIONS IN AND IN THE TWO, AND THE TWO CAN BE MOVING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS.

THE THIRD POINT AUSTIN'S COLLAPSING HOUSING AFFORDABILITY IS REMAKING THE RACIAL AND ETHNIC LANDSCAPES OF NOT ONLY THE CITY, BUT THE MEL METROPOLITAN REGION AS WELL.

AND OF COURSE I COULD, YOU KNOW, I SORT OF THOUGHT ABOUT HOW DO I EXPRESS THAT I WOUND UP CHOOSING THIS, THIS NOTION OF AUSTIN'S COLLAPSING, HOUSING AFFORDABILITY, EVERY SINGLE ONE OF US WHO LIVES HERE AND ESPECIALLY IN THE LAST YEAR HAS EXPERIENCED, RIGHT? THE STEEPNESS OF THE SLOPE OF THE INCREASE IN OUR HOUSING.

IT IS, IT IS INCREASED AT SUCH A RATE THAT THAT IS BEGINNING TO PUSH, NOT ONLY THE LOWEST INCOME AUSTINITES AROUND, BUT IT'S PUSHING EVERYBODY AROUND.

AND AGAIN, THAT'S PART OF YOUR CHALLENGE.

UM, AS I'LL SHOW YOU HERE IN A COUPLE OF SLIDES, NOW, A MAJORITY OF AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN AUSTIN LIVE OUTSIDE THE CITY OF AUSTIN, RIGHT? AND THAT'S, UH, TH TH THAT SUBURBANIZATION PROCESS IS SOMETHING THAT WE'LL LOOK AT.

AND THEN THE FINAL POINT, THE STRUCTURAL AND SPATIAL HISTORIES OF AUSTIN'S AFRICAN-AMERICAN LATINO AND ASIAN POPULATIONS EACH HAVE HAD THEIR OWN UNIQUE TRAJECTORY.

AND MY POINT THERE IS THAT YOU CAN'T JUST LOOK AT THIS, YOU KNOW, I'M EVEN KIND OF LOATH TO USE THE TERM MINORITY.

I MEAN, IT'S, UM, I CONSIDER MYSELF A WORD PERSON.

I'M INTERESTED IN HOW WORDS COME IN AND OUT OF FAVOR, AND, YOU KNOW, THE, THE TERM MAJORITY MINORITY IT'S, UH, IT BEGAN TO BE FREIGHTED WITH THE PEJORATIVE OVER THE LAST 10 YEARS.

ANYWAY, MY POINT HERE IS THAT I THINK AS A COMMISSION, YOU WILL SEE IN THE DATA WILL, THE DATA WILL SAY IT THEMSELVES.

EACH OF THOSE THREE COMMUNITIES IS EXPERIENCING NOT AN ISOLATED TRAJECTORY, BUT A SOMEWHAT INDEPENDENT TRAJECTORY NEXT, NEXT, RIGHT.

I WANTED TO SHOW YOU THIS MAP OF THE HUNDREDS OF MAPS I GOT TO MAKE AS A CITY EMPLOYEE, AND IS WORKING AS A DEMOGRAPHER.

THIS IS, THIS IS ONE OF MY FAVORITE MAPS, BECAUSE IT SAYS, I THINK IT SAYS TWO THINGS REALLY EFFECTIVELY.

SO YOU LOOK AT THAT RED AND KIND OF ORANGE, THAT COLLECTION OF, UH, UH, PRECINCTS IN WEST AUSTIN.

AND SO, RIGHT, NO SURPRISE.

THOSE WERE THE PRECINCTS THAT VOTED TO KEEP THE STATUS QUO.

YOU KNOW, COUNCIL MEMBER HOUSTON TALKED ABOUT

[00:55:01]

THE THREE CHOICES.

IT SHOULD BE NO SURPRISE BECAUSE THIS WAS THE PART OF TOWN THAT WAS ENJOYING THE HEGEMONY OF WHAT IT MEANT TO SEND EVERYBODY TO COUNCIL.

A LOT OF MY COLLEAGUES HAVE TALKED ABOUT, YES, THERE WAS THIS GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT.

IT SOUNDS REALLY HOKEY TO SAY THAT, BUT IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT TO EMPHASIZE THAT YES, THERE WAS AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND A LATINO ON COUNCIL, BUT THOSE COUNCIL MEMBERS WERE BEING CHOSEN, SELECTED AND SENT TO THE DYESS FROM WHITE, OLDER HOME OWNING WEST AUSTIN.

NOW, THE SECOND POINT, I THINK THIS MAP SAYS, AND THIS IS THE POINT THAT REALLY KIND OF FIRES ME UP BECAUSE, UM, THIS IS A, THIS IS AN ISSUE THAT'S, THAT'S NEAR AND DEAR TO MY HEART.

I'VE NEVER SEEN A MORE DISPARATE COLLECTION OF NEIGHBORHOODS, AND THOSE ARE THE BLUES AND THE DARK BLUES.

I'VE NEVER SEEN A MORE DISPARATE COLLECTION OF NEIGHBORHOODS.

ALL SAY THE SAME THING WE WANT GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION, RIGHT? KEEP IN MIND, THIS WAS THE SIXTH TIME THAT WE HAD GIVEN THE CITIZENS OF AUSTIN, THE CHANCE TO GO BACK TO DISTRICTS.

RIGHT? AND SO, AND I THINK ONE OF MY KEY TAKEAWAY HERE IS, IS THAT, YOU KNOW, AND I BELIEVE THIS AS A PROFESSIONAL DEMOGRAPHER, I BELIEVE THIS AS A NATIVE AUSTIN, IDA, BELIEVE THIS AS SOMEONE WHO LOVES THE CITY, WE ABSOLUTELY HAD TO GO TO DISTRICTS.

WE HAD BECOME TOO BIG, TOO DIVERSE.

IT JUST SIMPLY WAS SO NOT EQUITABLE TO CONTINUE WHAT WE WERE DOING.

AND YET I'M VERY, VERY CRITICAL TO ADD GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION ONLY WORKS IF YOU DRAW THE FOUR OPPORTUNITY DISTRICTS.

CAUSE RIGHT.

THINK ABOUT, IF YOU JUST IGNORE THE NOTION OF AN OPPORTUNITY DISTRICT, YOU COULD CREATE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRICTS REALLY PRETTY EASILY, RIGHT? YOU, YOU WOULDN'T BE CONCERNED WITH BALANCING THE RACE AND ETHNICITY, BUT THAT WOULD FLY IN THE FACE OF, AT LEAST WHAT'S LEFT OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT.

AND I KNOW YOU GUYS ARE GOING TO HEAR A PRESENTATION ON THAT.

I WANTED TO BE HERE FOR THAT MYSELF.

UM, NEXT.

AND SO THAT WAS THE, THAT WAS THE PRO AND CON, BUT LOOK AT THESE VOTE TOTALS, RIGHT? YOU CAN SEE CIRCLE C OBVIOUSLY LEADING THAT CHARGE FOR GEOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION.

BUT LOOK AT RIVERSIDE, LOOK AT, UM, UH, SOUTH AUSTIN, LOOK AT UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AREA.

LOOK AT THE ST.

JOHN NEIGHBORHOOD, LOOK AT NORTHWEST HILLS, LOOK AT THOSE BIG VOTE TOTALS ACROSS THE NORTHWEST AND THE NORTH CENTRAL AND EVEN THE NORTHEAST.

SO I, I, YOU KNOW, THERE JUST AREN'T THAT MANY CITY VOTES THAT TURN OUT LIKE THIS NEXT, NEXT, ALL RIGHT.

THIS IS THE GRAPH THAT DR.

VALENCIA LEFT YOU GUYS WITH.

UM, AND IT'S IT'S, TO ME IT'S PRETTY AMAZING, RIGHT.

YOU KNOW, UH, 20 YEARS AGO, I, WOULD'VE NEVER PREDICTED THIS, A NON HISPANIC, WHITE SHERIFF TOTAL HOVERING JUST BELOW 50% AND DURABLE.

RIGHT.

I WOULD HAVE CONTINUED, I WOULD HAVE THOUGHT IT WOULD HAVE CONTINUED TO DROP A HISPANIC, UH, SHARE OF TOTAL THAT IS LESS THAN IT WAS IN 2010.

I WOULD HAVE NEVER PREDICTED THAT.

UM, UH, THE ASIAN SHARE AT EIGHT AFRICAN-AMERICAN CHEV AT 77 FOR THAT I THINK WAS INEVITABLE, UM, WITHIN AN ALSO AN INCREASINGLY LARGE MULTI-RACIAL SHARE.

THAT'S SOMETHING THAT REALLY, HOW ARE WE GOING TO ACCOMMODATE THAT? HOW DO WE TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THAT? I DON'T KNOW, THAT'S A CHALLENGE NEXT.

AND THE THING I WANT TO POINT OUT HERE, AND THERE'S, THIS IS ALMOST SORT OF THE GIVE, GIVE LILAH CREDIT FOR, UH, UH, SHE WAS A STUDENT OF DR.

MURDOCH.

THIS IS WHAT'S CALLED GOING MURDOCH IN THE BUSINESS WHERE YOU THROW UP A BUNCH OF THEM.

WE LOOK AT THE NUMBER ON THE FAR, RIGHT, ALMOST AT THE TOP AT 48.93 IN, IN BOLD.

WHAT THAT MEANS IS BACK TO THIS 200,000 POPULATION INCREMENT THAT WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO FIGURE OUT WHERE THEY WIN THE DISTRICT.

MOST HALF OF THAT INCREMENT CAME TO FROM NON-HISPANIC WHITES.

THAT IS ANOMALOUS.

WHEN YOU LOOK AT URBAN TRAJECTORY IN, UH, IN, IN MOST BIG AMERICAN CITIES, IT'S CERTAINLY ANOMALOUS WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT FROM A TEXAS PERSPECTIVE NEXT LOOK AT THOSE COUNTIES, RIGHT? THESE ARE THE SIX BIG T UH, URBAN COUNTIES IN TEXAS.

AND YOU CAN SEE THAT TRAVIS ON THE FAR RIGHT, A PLURALITY OF ITS GROWTH.

AND OF COURSE, I'M USING TRAVIS AS A, AS A SURROGATE FOR THE CITY.

A PLURALITY OF ITS GROWTH HAS COME FROM NON-HISPANIC WHITES.

LOOK HOW DIFFERENT THAT IS FROM ALL THE OTHER URBAN COUNTIES.

NEXT, THIS IS WHAT, IN A SIMPLISTIC WAY, WE STARTED IN 1960 WITH THE NON-HISPANIC WHITE SHARE OF TOTAL BEING ALMOST 74% IN TWO, ALMOST EXACTLY EQUAL SHARES COMING FROM AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND HISPANICS.

THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN SHARED SHARE AT 13 AND HISPANIC SHARE AT 13, THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN SHARED PROBABLY DOWN FROM ITS PEAK OF 15%, WHICH PROBABLY OCCURRED IN ABOUT 1955.

UM, OVER TIME, YOU CAN SEE THAT THE HISPANIC, LATINO, SHEER INCREASED, UM, ALMOST EQUALING THE, UH, THE NON-HISPANIC WHITE SHARE.

I WOULD HAVE THOUGHT THIS WOULD HAVE CONTINUED NEXT.

AND OF COURSE, THIS IS SOMETHING THAT I PULLED OFF MY WEBSITE, RIGHT.

I WAS COMPLETELY WRONG.

WE WERE RIGHT ABOUT THE FACT THAT THE ASIAN SHARE WOULD, WOULD, WOULD AT SOME POINT SURPASS THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN SHARE, BUT I DON'T THINK WE'RE GONNA FIND NINE YEARS FROM NOW WHERE, UM, THE LATINO SHARE IS LARGER

[01:00:01]

THAN THE, UH, UH, UH, UH, UH, WHITE SHARE NEXT.

ALL RIGHT.

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POPULATION.

I'M GOING TO GO THROUGH THESE QUICKLY.

UM, THIS IS A MAP CIRCA 1891 THAT SHOWS THE LOCATION OF FRIEDMAN COMMUNITIES RIGHT IN THERE.

THERE WERE 13 OF THEM AT THE TIME.

WE'RE ONLY SEEING ABOUT NINE ON THE MAP, UM, ROBERTSON HILL PLEASANT HILL MASONTOWN GREGORY TOWN, WHEAT VILLE, UM, UH, NOT SHOWN ON THE MAP IS, UH, , WHICH IS OFF BRODY LANE.

AND THEN THE FARTHEST WEST THAT YOU SEE THAT NUMBER FIVE THAT'S CLARKSVILLE.

AND I THOUGHT IT WAS, IT WAS SO FASCINATING TO HEAR COUNCIL MEMBER EUSTON TALK ABOUT SORT OF THAT THE CITY GAVE THESE SOMEWHAT EMPTY INCENTIVES, RIGHT.

YOU KNOW, IN ORDER TO ENCOURAGE, DO YOU REMEMBER GETTING AHEAD OF MYSELF? THIS WAS THE, THIS THING, THIS IS HOW IT EXISTS IN 1890 NEXT, AND THAT'S A SIMPLE LISTING OF IT.

AND YOU CAN GO THROUGH THIS AS YOUR, AS YOUR BACKGROUND THAT SIMPLY LISTING THOSE COMMUNITIES NEXT.

AND THEN IT WAS THIS, YOU KNOW, THE INFAMOUS 1928 MASTER PLAN, WHICH ATTEMPTED TO CONSOLIDATE THOSE, THOSE COMMUNITIES.

UM, I THINK IT'S WORTH SAYING THAT IF YOU EVER HAVE A CHANCE TO SEE THIS PLAN, GO TO THE AUSTIN HISTORY CENTER AND, YOU KNOW, HOLD IT IN YOUR HAND AND READ THROUGH IT TO MY MIND, IT'S ALMOST SINISTER WHAT AN OFFHANDED TREATMENT AND THE CREATION OF THE SO-CALLED NEGRO NEGRO DISTRICT.

IT IS, RIGHT, LIKE A LOT OF COMPREHENSIVE PLANS THAT DEALS WITH LAND USE, ZONING, TRANSPORTATION, RECREATIONAL FACILITIES.

AND IT'S JUST KIND OF A CHAPTER WHERE YOU GET THE CREATION, UH, OF, UH, OF THE NEGRO DISTRICT.

YOU KNOW, THIS WAS THE CITY'S ATTEMPT TO CODIFY JIM CROW, RIGHT? AND THIS AND THE CITY WAS NOT UNIQUE, BUT IT WAS.

AND I, AND I, AND NOW THAT I'M NO LONGER A CITY EMPLOYEE, I CAN SAY THIS TO ME, THIS IS A CITY.

THIS IS A COMPREHENSIVE PLAN THAT WE IMPLEMENTED.

THERE ARE LOTS OF RECENT CONFERENCE AND PLANS THAT SIT ON THE SHELF AND GO UNEMPLOYMENT.

THE NEXT, THIS NOTION OF, UH, OF A COTTAGE SEGREGATED AUSTIN WAS FURTHERED WITH RED LINING.

AND I WONDER IF YOU CAN LOOK AT THE RIGHT HAND SIDE OF THE MAP AND THAT, THAT, THAT PIECE OF EAST AUSTIN, WHERE YOU HAVE A RED LINE THAT, THAT, THAT THE LEGEND SAYS, AND THEN IMMEDIATELY UNDERNEATH THAT HAZARDOUS, WHICH IS BASICALLY RUNNING ALONG, WHAT IS TODAY EAST CESAR CHAVEZ? IT SAYS BEST WELL, MR. YOUNG TALKED ABOUT, UM, HIS SWEDISH CONSTITUENTS.

THAT WAS THE SWEDISH NEIGHBORHOOD IN, IN, IN, IN, IN, IN MANY REGARDS.

BUT MY POINT HERE IS THAT THIS IS THE CODIFIED SEGREGATION THAT WE IMPLEMENTED AS A CITY WAS FURTHERED AND ENTRENCHED BY RED LINING, WHICH OF COURSE OCCURRED ACROSS THE COUNTRY NEXT.

AND THIS IS A WAY TO LOOK, I'M GONNA BEGIN TO SHOW YOU CENSUS DATA, 1990 ON THE LEFT.

AND 2000 ON THE RIGHT.

THIS IS CONCENTRATION OF AFRICAN-AMERICANS AT THE BLOCK LEVEL.

UM, I WISH I HAD A POINTER, BUT I, THAT DENSE CONCENTRATION OF THE